Bipolar Jacket

Mood Stabilizers

Mood stabilizers are a class of medications used primarily to treat mood disorders such as bipolar disorder and sometimes depression. These medications are designed to help stabilize mood swings and prevent episodes of mania or depression from occurring.

Mood stabilizers work by regulating the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain, such as serotonin and dopamine, which are responsible for regulating mood, emotions, and behavior. The most commonly prescribed mood stabilizers include lithium, valproate, carbamazepine, and lamotrigine.

Lithium is one of the oldest and most effective mood stabilizers, and it is often used to treat bipolar disorder. Valproate and carbamazepine are also commonly used to treat bipolar disorder and have been shown to be effective in preventing manic and depressive episodes. Lamotrigine is primarily used to treat depressive episodes in bipolar disorder and is also used as a maintenance treatment.

Mood stabilizers can have side effects, including drowsiness, weight gain, tremors, and gastrointestinal problems, among others. It is important to work closely with a healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate medication and dosage for an individual’s specific needs.

Common Mood Stabilizers