Bipolar Jacket

Bipolar 2


Bipolar 2 is a mental health condition where a person has both depressive episodes (when they feel very sad or have no interest in activities they used to enjoy) and hypomanic episodes (when they feel very energized, talkative, and have racing thoughts) that last for several days or more.

The main difference between bipolar 2 and bipolar 1 is that in bipolar 2, the manic episodes (extreme highs) are less severe than in bipolar 1. This means that people with bipolar 2 don’t experience the same level of extreme behavior or risk-taking that people with bipolar I might experience during a manic episode.

Bipolar 2 is treated with medication and therapy, just like bipolar 1. It’s important for people with bipolar 2 to work with a mental health professional to manage their symptoms and prevent episodes from interfering with their daily life.


Hypomania is a state of elevated mood, energy, and activity that is less intense than full-blown mania. During a hypomanic episode, a person may feel very happy, confident, and full of energy. They may have racing thoughts, talk quickly, and have a decreased need for sleep. Unlike in a full manic episode, however, the person is still able to function and maintain their normal routine without experiencing major disruptions.

While hypomania can be a symptom of bipolar disorder, it can also occur as a side effect of certain medications or as a result of stress or sleep deprivation. In some cases, hypomania can lead to impulsive or risky behavior.

Depressive Episodes

A depressive episode in Bipolar II Disorder is a period of time, lasting at least two weeks, during which a person experiences symptoms of major depression. These symptoms may include:

  1. Feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or worthlessness.
  2. Loss of interest or pleasure in activities that were once enjoyed.
  3. Fatigue or loss of energy.
  4. Insomnia or excessive sleeping.
  5. Significant changes in appetite or weight.
  6. Difficulty concentrating or making decisions.
  7. Feelings of guilt or self-blame.
  8. Thoughts of death or suicide.

During a depressive episode, a person with Bipolar II Disorder may struggle to complete daily activities or maintain relationships due to the severity of their symptoms.

Diagnosing Bipolar 2

The DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for Bipolar II Disorder include the following:

  1. The person must have experienced at least one major depressive episode.
  2. The person must have experienced at least one hypomanic episode.
  3. The person must never have had a manic episode.
  4. The symptoms of the depressive and hypomanic episodes must not be better explained by another mental disorder or a medical condition.
  5. The symptoms of the depressive and hypomanic episodes must have caused significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
  6. The person’s symptoms must not be due to substance use or medication side effects.
  7. The person’s symptoms must not be better explained by a Schizoaffective Disorder, Schizophrenia, Delusional Disorder, or other psychotic disorder.

It’s important to note that only a qualified mental health professional can diagnose Bipolar 2 Disorder based on a comprehensive evaluation of the person’s symptoms and medical history.